Traditional hardanger embroidery is characterized by hardanger satin stitch blocks (kloster blocks) formed into geometric designs. Within the kloster blocks the cutting and withdrawal of threads creates grid(s) of fabric threads which normally are embellished with needle weaving and filling stitches.
In order to be a kloster block:
In order to be a kloster block for open work:
|Below are steps for stitching two styles of kloster blocks.
Steps 1, 2 and 3 create a four-sided kloster block. This is followed by discussing adjoining a twelve-sided kloster area to a four-sided kloster block area.The following four-sided kloster block and twelve-sided kloster area were worked to be used as examples for the below discussion. Viewing these below photos you may notice that the stitching thread seem looser than it should. On a 22 count fabric I would normally use a size 5 stitching thread for kloster blocks but decided to use a size 8 instead. This is so you can view (I think easier) which fabric holes are shared and which are not. Note: When two sides of a kloster block meet to form a corner they share a common fabric hole.
Adjoining a 12-sided kloster area to the 4-sided kloster block created above.
As you work check your positional alignment.
- Two adjoining kloster sides are perpendicular to each other and share a corner fabric hole (see the two neon green arrows on the left photo).
- Hardanger satin stitches are snug but not overly tight.
- Behind the fabric (right photo) no stitching thread crosses over an open (unworked) area (such as where the yellow arrow crosses the green arrow
- ). Stitching thread that needs to be carry is weaved through the back-side stitching of previous worked sides.
At times, as you finish a kloster side, you realize the next area to work is a few kloster sides away. Make sure your stitching thread does not cross over any fabric area that will be snipped and removed during the cutwork phrase of your design. Slipped the needle behind the back stitching and that way carry your stitching thread to the next work area.
Also, now and then as you work, flip your stitching over and view the back-side. On the below photo the front looks great, but viewing the back-side shows an incorrectly worked hardanger satin stitch that needs to be corrected.